We've already talked a bit about the history of AI development after World War II. The concept of the Turing Test (1950) turned people's eyes towards AI research, and the geopolitical situation increased the attention given to the field of AI.
Just a few years after Turing's death, the cold war is getting into high gear. It's 1957, Russia has just launched Sputnik, and the US is concerned. What follows is an immense agency and military investment scheme into AI, with the hopes of alleviating the burden of and accelerating the progress of Machine Translation. It seems superfluous to say that the primary goal was automated translation from Russian to English (and hopes were high).
The most successful strategy, heuristics, (a rule-based approach) had its limits. Increasing the number of rules within an algorithm worked, but after a certain limit, the results would begin deteriorating as the complexity of language is too vast to contain within a set of rules.
AI: From automatic translation and zip-code recognition to the concept of self-driving cars
But this is not the end of AI history. In my next blog post, I'm going to start with the Deep Blue vs. Gary Kasparov chess match (1997) - a groundbreaking event causing businesses to put more money into AI research (which, after some time, resulted in the development of deep learning mechanisms).
For those of you who want to dig a little deeper into what I've mentioned, I've attached the list of resources below. To truly understand the course of AI history and the events that took place, it’s worth to get acknowledged with:
ALPAC Report 1966 - On the slow progress of Machine Translation
Lighthill Report 1973 - An overview of investments in AI
- Paper on zip code recognition - Recognizing zip codes with Back Propagation
If this is still not enough for you, take a brief overview of AI development former history.
You can never learn enough!